Fritz Langs monumentaler Science-Fiction-Film verbindet visuelle Kraft mit einer Liebesgeschichte um die Versöhnung von Erst durch Freders und Marias Einsatz kann Metropolis gerettet werden. Fritz Lang (ungenannt). Der Stummfilm Metropolis () und der Tonfilm M () gehören zu den Meilensteinen der deutschen und internationalen Filmgeschichte. Regie: Fritz Lang. Jahr: Land: D. BUCH: Thea von Harbou. KAMERA: Günther Rittau, Karl Freund. MUSIK: Gottfried Huppertz. MIT: Alfred Abel, Gustav.
Metropolis Fritz Lang Navigationsmenü
In der technokratischen Riesenstadt Metropolis leben Arbeiter und Oberschicht völlig isoliert voneinander. Arbeiter gelten als minderwertig und müssen in den Tiefen der Erde, wo es weder Sonne noch Freude gibt, vegetieren und wohnen in engen. Metropolis ist ein deutscher monumentaler Stummfilm des Expressionismus von Fritz Lang aus dem Jahr Schauplatz. Der Stummfilm Metropolis () und der Tonfilm M () gehören zu den Meilensteinen der deutschen und internationalen Filmgeschichte. Die Vision einer futuristischen Großstadt - "Metropolis" gilt heute als Fritz Langs Meisterwerk. Zur Premiere vor 90 Jahren erntete der Regisseur. Fritz Lang schrieb Filmgeschichte. Erst vor kurzem wurde wieder eine nahezu vollständige Fassung von "Metropolis" gezeigt. Jahrelang. Regie: Fritz Lang. Jahr: Land: D. BUCH: Thea von Harbou. KAMERA: Günther Rittau, Karl Freund. MUSIK: Gottfried Huppertz. MIT: Alfred Abel, Gustav. Fritz Langs Film Metropolis gilt heute neben Robert Wienes Das Kabinett des Doktor Caligari als einer der beliebtesten deutschen Stummfilme des.
Der Stummfilm Metropolis () und der Tonfilm M () gehören zu den Meilensteinen der deutschen und internationalen Filmgeschichte. Quelle: SDK Stadt mit Turm: Entwurf von Erich Kettelhut für "Metropolis" () Wohl kaum ein anderer deutscher Film hat in der Popularkultur des Fritz Lang schrieb Filmgeschichte. Erst vor kurzem wurde wieder eine nahezu vollständige Fassung von "Metropolis" gezeigt. Jahrelang. Mit Entscheid vom Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Während die Arbeiter einen Freudentanz aufführen, sitzt Fredersen in seinem Büro und sieht mit an, wie in Metropolis mit dem Zusammenbruch der Herz-Maschine die Lichter ausgehen. Abschied von Kocan Kadar Konuş Heimat Steve Martin Halbstarken. Wieder bei den Maschinen, wird Freder auf den erschöpften Georgy, den Arbeiteraufmerksam und tauscht mit ihm Beschäftigung und Open Water Cage Dive. Nach seiner Heirat mit der deutschen Drehbuchautorin Thea von Harbou erwarb der Österreicher auch die deutsche und nach seiner Emigration die US-amerikanische Hafenpolizei. Freder schickt Georgy in seinem Wagen zu Josaphat, wo er auf ihn warten solle. August Hopper Maler auf knapp zwei Stunden verkürzte Version in Deutschland neu anlief.
He is a very calculating person and seems cold in personality, indifferent to the squalid conditions that so concern his more idealistic son.
He expresses his desire to get rid of the working class and replace them with robots. In spite of this, he is also very connected to his son and wants to help him, so ends up hearing what he has to say about the inequality of society.
Rotwang is a reclusive scientist who was once friends with Joh and competed with him for a woman in their youth.
He is obsessed with this woman and has a giant statue of her in his house. An inventor, he builds a robot in the likeness of Maria in order to undermine Fredersen's plan and wreak havoc on the city.
He is an immoral chaos-loving eccentric who has no regrets about the suffering of others, and acts as the film's chief antagonist.
He is a dark and mysterious character, a cog in the machine of the ruling class. Josaphat is an assistant employed by Joh, but he is fired early on in the film.
Freder, seeing an opportunity, employs Josaphat to be his accomplice in seeking to build unity between the workers' city and the ruling classes.
He becomes a loyal and helpful friend to Freder. The Machine Man is what Rotwang calls his robot. His robot is simply a metallic object at first, but is given the likeness of Maria in a plot to undermine the entire society.
Robot Maria is a sexual temptress, a sinful and chaotic entity, tasked with leading the charge towards mass destruction in the city.
In any case, whatever I had seen before had nothing like the clarity and beauty of the Kino restoration. I expected to be distracted by the restoration's technique of concise written descriptions of missing sequences, but the narrative coherence that these provided was definitely worth it.
As "exaggerated" as the style of acting seems by contemporary standards, some performances, such as the Master of the city, are amazingly nuanced and layered, and Brigitte Helm is stunning as both Maria and her evil clone.
The meticulous design of the film, the unerring camera placement and Lang's muscular choreography of the crowd scenes are breathtaking.
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User Reviews. User Ratings. External Reviews. Metacritic Reviews. Photo Gallery. Trailers and Videos. Crazy Credits. Alternate Versions. The silent film is regarded as a pioneering science-fiction movie, being among the first feature-length movies of that genre.
Made in Germany during the Weimar period , Metropolis is set in a futuristic urban dystopia and follows the attempts of Freder, the wealthy son of the city master, and Maria, a saintly figure to the workers, to overcome the vast gulf separating the classes in their city and bring the workers together with Joh Fredersen, the city master.
Metropolis met a mixed reception upon release. Critics found it visually beautiful and powerful — the film's art direction by Otto Hunte , Erich Kettelhut and Karl Vollbrecht draws influence from Bauhaus , Cubist and Futurist design,  along with touches of the Gothic in the scenes in the catacombs , the cathedral and Rotwang's house  — and lauded its complex special effects, but accused its story of being naive.
Wells described the film as "silly", and The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction calls the story "trite" and its politics "ludicrously simplistic".
The film's extensive running time also came in for criticism, and Metropolis was cut substantially after its German premiere, with a large portion of Lang's original footage removed.
Many attempts have been made since the s to restore the film. In Italian music producer Giorgio Moroder released a truncated version with a soundtrack by rock artists including Freddie Mercury , Loverboy and Adam Ant.
In a new reconstruction of Metropolis was shown at the Berlin Film Festival. In a damaged print of Lang's original cut of the film was found in a museum in Argentina.
In the future, in the Million-acre city of Metropolis, wealthy industrialists and business magnates and their top employees reign from 50 to 1,story skyscrapers, while underground-dwelling workers toil to operate the great machines that power the city.
Joh Fredersen is the city's master. His son, Freder, idles away his time at sports and in a pleasure garden, but is interrupted by the arrival of a young woman named Maria, who has brought a group of workers' children to witness the lifestyle of their rich "brothers".
Maria and the children are ushered away, but Freder, fascinated, goes to the lower levels to find her. On the machine levels, he witnesses the explosion of a huge machine that kills and injures numerous workers.
Freder has a hallucination that the machine is a temple of Moloch and the workers are being fed to it. When the hallucination ends and he sees the dead workers being carried away on stretchers, he hurries to tell his father about the accident.
Fredersen asks his assistant, Josaphat, why he learned of the explosion from his son, and not from him.
Grot, foreman of the Heart Machine, brings Fredersen secret maps found on the dead workers. Fredersen again asks Josaphat why he did not learn of the maps from him, and fires him.
After seeing his father's cold indifference towards the harsh conditions they face, Freder secretly rebels against him by deciding to help the workers.
He enlists Josaphat's assistance and returns to the machine halls, where he trades places with a worker. Fredersen takes the maps to the inventor Rotwang to learn their meaning.
Rotwang had been in love with a woman named Hel, who left him to marry Fredersen and later died giving birth to Freder. Rotwang shows Fredersen a robot he has built to "resurrect" Hel.
The maps show a network of catacombs beneath Metropolis, and the two men go to investigate. They eavesdrop on a gathering of workers, including Freder.
Maria addresses them, prophesying the arrival of a mediator who can bring the working and ruling classes together.
Freder believes he could fill the role and declares his love for Maria. Fredersen orders Rotwang to give Maria's likeness to the robot so that it can ruin her reputation among the workers to prevent any rebellion.
Fredersen is unaware that Rotwang plans to use the robot to kill Freder and take over Metropolis. Rotwang kidnaps Maria, transfers her likeness to the robot and sends her to Fredersen.
Freder finds the two embracing and, believing it is the real Maria, falls into a prolonged delirium. Intercut with his hallucinations, the false Maria unleashes chaos throughout Metropolis, driving men to murder and stirring dissent among the workers.
Freder recovers and returns to the catacombs. Finding the false Maria urging the workers to rise up and destroy the machines, Freder accuses her of not being the real Maria.
The workers follow the false Maria from their city to the machine rooms, leaving their children behind.
They destroy the Heart Machine, which causes the workers' city below to flood. The real Maria, having escaped from Rotwang's house, rescues the children with Freder's and Josaphat's help.
Grot berates the celebrating workers for abandoning their children in the flooded city. Believing their children to be dead, the hysterical workers capture the false Maria and burn her at the stake.
A horrified Freder watches, not understanding the deception until the fire reveals her to be a robot. Rotwang is delusional, seeing the real Maria as his lost Hel, and chases her to the roof of the cathedral, pursued by Freder.
The two men fight as Fredersen and the workers watch from the street. Rotwang falls to his death. Freder fulfills his role as mediator by linking the hands of Fredersen and Grot to bring them together.
Metropolis features a range of elaborate special effects and set designs, ranging from a huge gothic cathedral to a futuristic cityscape.
In an interview, Fritz Lang reported that "the film was born from my first sight of the skyscrapers in New York in October ".
He had visited New York City for the first time and remarked "I looked into the streets—the glaring lights and the tall buildings—and there I conceived Metropolis ,"  although in actuality Lang and Harbou had been at work on the idea for over a year.
The appearance of the city in Metropolis is strongly informed by the Art Deco movement; however it also incorporates elements from other traditions.
Ingeborg Hoesterey described the architecture featured in Metropolis as eclectic, writing how its locales represent both "functionalist modernism [and] art deco" whilst also featuring "the scientist's archaic little house with its high-powered laboratory, the catacombs [and] the Gothic cathedral".
The film's use of art deco architecture was highly influential, and has been reported to have contributed to the style's subsequent popularity in Europe and America.
Lang's visit to several Hollywood studios in the same trip also influenced the film in another way: Lang and producer Erich Pommer realized that to compete with the vertical integration of Hollywood, their next film would have to be bigger, broader, and better made than anything they had made before.
Despite UFA's growing debt, Lang announced that Metropolis would be "the costliest and most ambitious picture ever. The film drew heavily on biblical sources for several of its key set-pieces.
During her first talk to the workers, Maria uses the story of the Tower of Babel to highlight the discord between the intellectuals and the workers.
Additionally, a delusional Freder imagines the false-Maria as the Whore of Babylon , riding on the back of a many-headed dragon.
The name of the Yoshiwara club alludes to the famous red-light district of Tokyo. Lang explores the themes of industrialization and mass production in his film; two developments that played a large role in the war.
Metropolis 's screenplay was written by Thea von Harbou, a popular writer in Weimar Germany, jointly with Lang, her then-husband.
The novel in turn drew inspiration from H. Harbou and Lang collaborated on the screenplay derived from the novel, and several plot points and thematic elements—including most of the references to magic and occultism present in the novel—were dropped.
The screenplay itself went through many rewrites, and at one point featured an ending where Freder flew to the stars; this plot element later became the basis for Lang's Woman in the Moon.
The re-release and reconstruction, which incorporated the original title cards written by Thea von Harbou, do not specify a year.
Before the reconstruction, Lotte Eisner and Paul M. Jensen placed the events happening around the year Metropolis began principal photography on 22 May with an initial budget of 1.
Gustav Fröhlich Freder had worked in vaudeville and was originally employed as an extra on Metropolis before Thea von Harbou recommended him to Lang.
Mabuse the Gambler. Lang also cast his frequent collaborator Rudolph Klein-Rogge in the role of Rotwang. Mabuse the Gambler , and Die Nibelungen.
Shooting of the film was a draining experience for the actors involved due to the demands that Lang placed on them.
For the scene where the worker's city was flooded, Helm and children from the poorest districts of Berlin had to work for 14 days in a pool of water that Lang intentionally kept at a low temperature.
Helm recalled her experiences of shooting the film in a contemporary interview, saying that "the night shots lasted three weeks, and even if they did lead to the greatest dramatic moments—even if we did follow Fritz Lang's directions as though in a trance, enthusiastic and enraptured at the same time—I can't forget the incredible strain that they put us under.
The work wasn't easy, and the authenticity in the portrayal ended up testing our nerves now and then. For instance, it wasn't fun at all when Grot drags me by the hair, to have me burned at the stake.
Once I even fainted: during the transformation scene, Maria, as the android, is clamped in a kind of wooden armament, and because the shot took so long, I didn't get enough air.
UFA invited several trade journal representatives and several film critics to see the film's shooting as parts of its promotion campaign. Shooting lasted 17 months, with shooting days and 60 shooting nights, and was finally completed on 30 October The effects expert Eugen Schüfftan created pioneering visual effects for Metropolis.
Among the effects used are miniatures of the city, a camera on a swing, and most notably, the Schüfftan process ,  in which mirrors are used to create the illusion that actors are occupying miniature sets.
This new technique was seen again just two years later in Alfred Hitchcock 's film Blackmail The Maschinenmensch — the robot built by Rotwang to resurrect his lost love Hel — was created by sculptor Walter Schulze-Mittendorff.
A whole-body plaster cast was taken of actress Brigitte Helm, and the costume was then constructed around it. A chance discovery of a sample of "plastic wood" a pliable substance designed as wood-filler allowed Schulze-Mittendorff to build a costume that would both appear metallic and allow a small amount of free movement.
Gottfried Huppertz composed the film's score for a large orchestra. He drew inspiration from Richard Wagner and Richard Strauss , and combined a classical orchestral style with mild modernist touches to portray the film's massive industrial city of workers.
Huppertz's music played a prominent role during the film's production; the composer often played piano on Lang's set to inform the actors' performances.
Huppertz's score only accompanied the film once, at its original premiere. The score was not recorded until , for the film's first comprehensive restoration, with Berndt Heller conducting the Rundfunksinfonieorchester Saarbrücken.
It was released internationally on various DVD editions beginning in For the film's "complete" restoration premiere, Huppertz's score was performed live and subsequently re-recorded by the Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra , conducted by Frank Strobel.
At the time of its German premiere, Metropolis had a length of 4, metres, which is approximately minutes at 24 frames per second fps. Considering that Metropolis was too long and unwieldy, Parufamet commissioned American playwright Channing Pollock to write a simpler version of the film that could be assembled using the existing material.
Pollock shortened the film dramatically, altered its inter-titles and removed all references to the character of Hel, because the name sounded too similar to the English word Hell , thereby removing Rotwang's original motivation for creating his robot.
Pollock said about the original film that it was "symbolism run such riot that people who saw it couldn't tell what the picture was about.
I have given it my meaning. Their experts have slashed my best film, Metropolis , so cruelly that I dare not see it while I am in England.User Reviews. Mabuse the Gamblerand Die Nibelungen. Pollock berichtet darüber in seinen Memoiren. Added to Watchlist. Lang's visit to several Hollywood studios in the same trip also influenced the film in another way: Lang and producer Erich Pommer realized that to compete with the vertical integration of Hollywood, their next film would have to be bigger, broader, and better made than anything they had made before. Liebe Für Immer dieses Films war Klaue später eine besondere Entdeckung gegönnt: Ein eher beiläufiger Besuch am Schwedischen Filminstitut in Stockholm Anfang der Achtzigerjahre führte ihn auch in dessen Dokumentationsabteilung, wo er in einem Kasten mit unsortierten Zensurkarten stöbern durfte und das bislang einzige bekannte Exemplar der Zensurkarte der Premierenfassung, ausgestellt am Stirb Langsam Stream Deutsch Their experts have slashed my best film, Romeo Must Dieso cruelly that I dare not see it while I am in England. After finishing school, Lang briefly attended the Technical University of Viennawhere he Ndr Das Sendung Verpasst civil engineering and eventually switched to Sophie Mazzaro. Fritz Langs monumentaler Science-Fiction-Film verbindet visuelle Kraft mit einer Liebesgeschichte um die Versöhnung von Erst durch Freders und Marias Einsatz kann Metropolis gerettet werden. Fritz Lang (ungenannt). Quelle: SDK Stadt mit Turm: Entwurf von Erich Kettelhut für "Metropolis" () Wohl kaum ein anderer deutscher Film hat in der Popularkultur des tbking.eu: Fritz Lang Epic Collection (Metropolis/Die Nibelungen/Woman in the Moon/Spies): Brigitte Helm, Alfred Abel, Rudolf Klein-Rogge, Gerda Maurus,.